Calendars are very important to us because our daily activities basically rely on them. If they are incorrect or if we can’t rely on them, our daily activities would be greatly affected. People would definitely be greatly confused concerning the time. Would you believe that such incident had already happened? The British citizens in 1752 went to sleep one night & woke up 12 days later. It was Pope Gregory XIII who created the 365-days Gregorian calendar which moved time 11 days later.
As the calendar was made, like any other word that can be seen in the dictionary, the names of the days and months in the calendar have their own origins. The name of the days are based from the heavenly bodies:
Sunday from the Sun
Monday from Moon
Tuesday from Mars
Wednesday from Mercury
Thursday from Jupiter
Friday from Venus
Saturday from Saturn
The name of the months were greatly influenced by Latin terms and deities:
January was named after Janus, the protector of gateway to heaven.
February was named after Februalia, a time period when sacrifices were made to atone for sins.
March was named after Mars, the god of war, signifying that fighting interrupted by the winter could resume.
Aperire is the latin origin of April which means “to open” (buds).
May was named after Maia, the goddess of plant growth.
June is from Junius, latin for the goddess named Juno.
July was named after Julius Ceasar.
August was named after the first Roman Emperor, Augustus.
While September, the 9th month, was named after Septem, a latin term for seven.
October is from Octo, meaning eight.
Novem, origin of November, means nine.
December is from Decem, latin term for ten.
In the Gregorian calendar, we have January, February, March until December. But have you ever wondered what month it is in other countries? Or how many months they have? Or what other kind of calendars are there?
The Jewish calendar is counted from 361 B.C. Its first month is Nisan but the New Year begins with Rosh Hashanah on the First of Tishri which is the 7th month. The Jewish months are Nisan, Iyar Sivah, Tammuz, Av, Elul, Tishri, Heshvan, Kislev, Tevet, Shevat, Adar and Adar Sheni.
The Islamic calendar is based on a lunar tear of 345 days. Each month begins about 2 days after the new moon. The Islamic calendar is countered from A.D.622. Its’ month are Muharram, Safar, Rabi I, Rabi II, Jumada I, Jumada II, Rajab, Sha’Ban, Ramadan, Shawwau, Dhu’I-qah’Dah and Dhu’I-Hijjah.
The Hindu (Indian National Calendar), was introduced in 1957 for all of India to use. However, some other calendards are still used. Indian National Years are counted from A.D.78 Its’ months are Caitra, Sai Sakha, Jyaistha, Asadha, Sravana, Bhadra, AsVina, Kartika, Agrahayana, pausa, Magna, and Phalguna.
The Chinese calendar is divided into 12 months of 29/30 days. Each year is named after 1 to 12 animals. The Chinese New Year is celebrated at the second new moon after the winter solstice and falls between Jan. 21 and February 19 on the Western Calendar. The animals representing year after years are: Rat which symbolizes popularity, ox – dependable, tiger – brave, rabbit – nice, dragon – energetic, snake – wise, Horse – cheerful, goat – artistic, monkey – smart, rooster – hard – working, dog-loyal and pic-good student.
Truly, calendars were made with pure meticulousness and great history.